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symptom词根词缀(如何提高英语水平? 针对4.6级。)

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英语常用的词根和词缀

来自梦醒来那些伤网友的回复:常用词根词缀
1.否定前缀

un- uncomfortable, unacceptable, unavoidable

in- incomplete, incapable, indispensable, inevitable

im- imperfect, impartial, immortal

dis- disable, disadvantage

mis- misplace, mislead, misfortune

ab- abnormal

de- deactivate, degrade

il- illegal, illiterate

ir- irregular, irrelative

mal- malfunction, malnutrition

2. trans — across(横过)through(通过)beyond(那边)from one place to another

transient 短暂的

transplant 移植(器官)

transaction 交易

transition 过渡,变化

transition from A to B transition period

transmit 传输,传送(无线通信,电视)

transmission (n)

a live transmission 现场直播

cultural transmission 文化的继承

transform 充分更改…的外观/特性

transformation(常做陪衬)

transfer 传递,迁移

translate 翻译

transport 运输

3. com-, con- 1、提升语气 2、一同,一起

combine, compete, compromise

confirm, conspicuous, concession

4. -tain 1、支撑 2、维持,维持,保留

sustain, retain, maintain

5. re- 再,又,回,反

renew, reshape, refresh

6. uni- / mono- one (一个),sole(单一的)

uniform, unique, unity

monotonous (单调的),monopoly (垄断)

7. ex- 向外,超出

expand extend exceed excessive exclusive(ly) excursion

8. pre-/pro- 前,在前

predominant precede, previous, premise, prevalent

proceed, prominent, propel

9. magn- 大(large)

magnify(microscope), magnificent, magnitude

10. viv- /vit- live, life 生命,日常生活

vivid, survive, revive

vital, vitamin

11. inter- 在……之间 一起

intervene, interfere

12. man- hand (手工)

manufacture , manipulate,manuscript

13. sci- knowledge

science, scientific, consciousness

14. sub- / sus- 下,次,附属

subsidiary subordinate(to)

sustain

15. laps 滑,落

(時间)elapse, collapse

16. spec- / spic- look

spectator, speculate, spectacular, perspective

conspicuous

17.clud(s)-, clos- 关闭shut

conclude, include ,exclusive close

18. not note

notify notion(=idea) notorious

19. homo- same

homogeneously

20. simul- together

Simultaneously

21. multi — 多,多倍

multiply, multitude

22. contra, contro 反过来

contradiction contrary

controversy

23. dict- say, tell, speak

dictate, dictator , dictionary, verdict, predict

24. per- through

permeate, perplex, permanent, perpetual, persistent

25. ver- truth

verify verdict

26. -logy study(学习) science

biology psychology

27. -vert / -vers turn

divert advertise

diversify versatile reverse

28. -ics 作抽象名词的后缀,表学科

economics politics physics

29. -ist 表示“人”

pianist geologist typist

30. bio- life

31. -ician 从业于……专业的人

music → musician

32. -ism ……主义……论(抽象名词)

realism Marxism

33. -cid kill

suicide insecticide

34. mort- death

mortal mortality immortal

35. -scrib / -scrip write draw

describe inscribe prescribe subscribe ascribe

description inscription prescription subscription ascription

36. di-/du-/ambi- /bi- two, double

dilemma / duplicate / ambiguous/ bilateral

37. tri- three

triangle

38. bene- good, well, happily

benefit beneficiary

39. volu/ volv roll(滚动)turn(转动)
evolution revolution

involve revolve evolve

40. fer carry(带) produce(生产制造)

transfer refer fertile

41. phil- love
philosophy

42. deca- ten

decade

43. cred believe

credible incredible credit

44. cent one hundred

century

45. mill / kilo 一千,千分之一

millennium million kilometer kilogram

46. dom master, control

domain

dominate, dominant, predominant

47. val 有权力,影响到

valid, invalid, valuable, evaluate, prevalent(popular)

48. graph / gram write

biography, geography / grammar, telegram

49. equi — 同等,相等
equivalent equilibrium

50. bat beat打

debate combat battle batter battery

51. seg, sect cut

segment, segregate / section intersection

52. plex 折叠

perplex complex

53. en- / -ify make

enlarge entitle enrich enable

simplify magnify signify

54. sym- / syn- 一同same, 类似similar

sympathy symptom symmetry / syndrome

55 path feeling

pathetic sympathy sympathetic

56. ceed / cess / cede / cest / cur run

proceed

recession, access, excess, successor

precede, recede

ancestor

current currency excursion occur

57. serv 保存,维护(protect)

conserve preserve

58. –able , -ible 可……

respectable, imaginable

comprehensible

59. hypo- 下,在…之下

hypothesis hypotension

60. –pel 推

propel, expel, repel, dispel, impel, compel

61. scend climb

ascend descend

62. spir
aspire, inspire, expire, respire, conspire

63. sent, sens feeling

sentimental

sense, consensus

64. grav 重

grave, gravity, aggravate (grieve)

65.lev 轻,升高

alleviate, elevate (relieve)

66.rupt break

bankrupt, interrupt, corrupt

如何提升英语能力? 针对4.6级。

来自凝残月网友的回答:说白了,便是多多背单词,平常看看英文杂志或是报纸,临考试做几套题,智商没问题的人都能过。

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